Interview as a technique of gathering information: strategy of questions

Interview as a technique of gathering information: strategy of questions

It is important to distinguish interviews as a technique of gathering information and interviewing being a genre. In the 1st case, meeting, this is certainly, communication with individuals, is one of 3 ways to acquire information with a researcher. Two different ways are:

  • observation, once the researcher himself is an eyewitness associated with the event,
  • dealing with papers, where in fact the document means any material provider texts that are containing pictures.

Kinds of interviews and their function

Interviews as a way of data gathering in turn are divided in to:

  • genre (for planning of text into the genre of interview),
  • investigative (for information),
  • reportage (to spot the traits of an individual, then to reflect them when you look at the text).

The reportage interview had been discussed when you look at the chapter that is previous. About the investigative shall find out when you look at the chapter on information retrieval. The theme for this chapter is interview being a genre, being a real way of text formatting by means of questions from a interviewer while the responses regarding the interlocutor. During the exact same time there is an interview-monologue at one pole, where in fact the amount of concerns of this researcher is minimized (they generally are not any after all), at the other pole – a discussion, as soon as the journalist not merely asks questions, but also talks much with lengthy arguments.

The fact that the interview is a discussion, suggests concerning the same level of replicas of the journalist and interlocutor. The interviewer answers take 70-90% of the text in the usual interview. A discussion are conducted by a journalist, by authority comparable to the interlocutor, so your opinion of the journalist had been additionally interesting to readers, while the viewpoint for the interlocutor. This is a sign of insufficient qualification if an ordinary journalist speaks as much or more in an interview as an interlocutor.

Types of interviews with regards to the topic. Subject meeting

With respect to the topic, you will find three forms of interviews:

  • subject,
  • individual,
  • subject-personal.

Subject of the interview that is subject their state of things in almost any industry of task. Usually it is a job interview with a professional, a genre of logical publicism. The interlocutor is interesting to your journalist just as much as he could be linked to this continuing state of affairs. For example, a police informs simple tips to protect a flat from thieves. A doctor describes simple tips to protect yourself from the flu epidemic. The financial consultant makes a forecast the length of time the crisis will likely be from the exchange. Neither the interlocutor’s viewpoint on conditions that deviate through the meeting subject, nor the life that is private of interlocutor is of interest.

The dwelling associated with topic interview consists of three parts. First, they show the interlocutor’s experience of this issue. Then there’s a parsing associated with topic for the purpose of its presentation, evaluation and clarification. The interview that is subject aided by the streamlining of that which was said, summarizing, practical suggestions to visitors.

The hero associated with the topic interview can additionally be an eyewitness or participant in the case. This is certainly information interview, one of several news genres. The duty associated with journalist would be to learn whenever you can the information and information on exactly what happened. The interlocutor’s communication with the topic is first shown, then the topic is deepened, and the ending is devoted to general impressions of what happened and the conclusions that the interlocutor made as in the case of an expert.